AUSTIN – The Texas Workforce Commission (TWC) recently announced the average Unemployment Insurance (UI) tax rate for all employers will be 1.66 percent for Calendar Year (CY) 2014, down from 1.82 percent in CY 2013.
The average tax rate for experience-rated employers is 1.54 percent for CY 2014, and is down from 1.71 percent in CY 2013. The standard minimum UI tax rate paid by Texas employers in CY 2014 will be 0.51 percent, which is down from 0.54 percent in CY 2013. These employer-paid UI taxes replenish the Texas Unemployment Compensation Trust Fund, which provides temporary income for Texas workers who lose their jobs through no fault of their own. Lower employer UI tax rates reflect the continued economic expansion in Texas.
The minimum tax rate is paid by 262,808 employers, which represents 64.7 percent of experience-rated employers. An experience rating is determined by the amount of an employer’s taxable wages and the amount of UI benefits that have been paid to former employees and charged to the employer’s account for the last three years. An employer paying the standard minimum tax will pay $45.90 per employee in CY 2014 compared with $48.60 per employee in CY 2013. The maximum UI tax rate, paid by 5.4 percent of Texas employers, will be 7.41 percent.
In setting tax rates for CY 2014, TWC sought to minimize the effects of any increases and exercise the authority given to it by state law to hold the tax rates to the lowest and most predictable rates possible.
TWC is dedicated to finding ways to lower the financial impact of UI taxes on Texas employers. TWC and its 28 local workforce boards also are committed to helping UI claimants return to work as soon as possible.
The components of the CY 2014 tax rate are as follows:
The general tax rate is based on claims against an employer’s account. If TWC has paid benefits to former employees who were laid off or separated through no fault of their own in the past three years, then those employers will pay a general tax.
The replenishment tax rate is charged to all experience-rated employers to cover unemployment claims not charged to a specific employer. This tax tends to rise following economic slowdowns when claims increase and businesses close.
The employment training assessment is charged to all employers who are eligible for a computed tax rate to finance the Skills Development Fund. The employment training assessment calculation is a separate line item on the Employer’s Quarterly Tax Report.
The obligation assessment tax rate is collected to repay bond obligations. This tax is experience-rated and based on an employer’s 2013 tax rate.