Nov. 22 is the average freeze date for the Dallas/Fort Worth area. After the first freeze has occurred, some plants will suffer damage.

Annual plants (plants that complete their life cycle in one season) may appear damaged but if the following week is warmer, they may survive or recover.

Perennials (plants that die back seasonally but have the ability to return the following season) may also appear damaged. Those that have woody stems can be trimmed back until you see some green on the stem. Others will appear to die completely but their root system will survive and the plants will return in the spring. Crowded perennials can still be divided and replanted at this time.

Water lawns and plants if the ground is dry and a freeze is predicted. Donít forget to replenish mulch

Cool season plants that you can still plant in our area are ornamental cabbage and kale, violas and pansies. All will benefit from a light to moderate fertilization every 4-6 weeks during the cool season.

Now is a good time to transplant trees and shrubs because they will be reestablished by the time hot weather arrives next year.

We do have fall color in Texas, maybe not quite as spectacular as the East Coast but there are still some vivid colors.

As deciduous trees (ones that lose their leaves) experience shorter days, longer nights, and cooler temperatures in the fall, the green pigment, chlorophyll degrades and the remaining pigments begin to show and thus we have yellow, reds, and oranges.

Red Oaks with their red, Cedar Elms and Texas Ash with their yellow/gold, Maples with red and orange, and Bald Cypress with copper.

Keep those fallen tree leaves on your property; itís free organic matter for mulching and composting.

This is also a good time to have soils tested; you can get information and directions at the Somervell County AgriLife Extension office

For more information, visit our website at www.somervellmastergardeners.org or our library at the Somervell County AgriLife Extension office.